Target journal

This is the journal you’ve selected in which to publish your research. The journal may allow open access publishing by either the green or gold route. If you decide to publish your work via the gold route you will need funds to pay an APC. The target journal may contain a mix of open and closed access publishing (this type of journal is a hybrid journal). You may need to choose a different target journal if you don’t have the funds to pay any required APC to the publisher.

Hybrid journal

This is a subscription journal that also has some full text articles you can access for free. The author of the article is required to pay an APC to publish the open access article in this type of journal.

Deceptive journals

A deceptive or ‘predatory’ journal or publisher is one that that aggressively targets academics and researchers to publish their work in its journal, but does not actually undertake peer review. How can you tell if you’ve been approached by a predatory journal? Warning signs include:

  • Sending spam requests for peer reviews and article submissions;
  • Hiding information about author fees, for example offering to publish an author’s paper and then later sending a previously-undisclosed invoice;
  • Providing no contact details or falsifying their location; and
  • Falsely claiming to have an impact factor, or using a made-up measure.

The Directory of Open Access Journals is a great resource for identifying open access journals of a high quality. It only includes journals that meet a rigorous selection criteria, and you can be sure that these are legitimate journals.

If in doubt, use the Think. Check. Submit. website for guidance (published by ALPSP, DOAJ, INASP, ISSN, LIBER, OASPA, STM, UKSG, and individual publishers).